Concept Of Rural Area
What is “Rural”?
Definition of the term “Rural” is a concept or an expression that appears quite difficult to define, due to its multi-dimensional approach and nature. As there are many professionals involved in the studies and development of rural areas with much controversy; so are there diverse definitions and views expressed either from economic, social, psychological, ethnical, racial and numerical perspectives.
Principally, two methods of identifying or defining what is “rural” are usually given. First and foremost, is to identify the rural areas as an entity. While the second, is to identify and classify the urban areas, and assume the rest to be rural (Kadiri, 1998). This approach is based on the simple understanding that once we can identify what is urban; it automatically means the rest is rural. This therefore means what is not urban is rural (Obot, 1986).
Similarly, some researchers have identified certain criteria as the basis of classification of settlements into either urban or rural (Okpala 1986, Jones 1996, Sanders 1977, Kadiri 1998, Olaseni 2004). The three commonly employed criteria are:
Legal and administrative definition and classification. This is the declaration made by law of the end. [Read more…]